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When the weather gets cold, inevitably begin to think of the traditional means of protecting against colds. The first of these, of course, is called lemon, but whether or not this cheerful sunny fruit has the qualities that are attributed to him? On the beneficial properties of lemon tells Yakov Marshak.

Homeland lemon, scientists believe were the foothills of the Himalayas, so that both China and India are competing for the right to be the primary source country of the use of this valuable fruit, used in cooking and in traditional medicine around the world.

The first truly scientific study to prove the health benefits of lemon was conducted by Scottish physician James Lind - he tried to find a cure for scurvy, which was sick of the English sailors. England was a naval power, and the disease damaged the power of the entire empire: Admiral George Anson returned from his famous round-the-world voyage, which lasted four years, having lost more than half of the team. In 1747, Dr. Lind conducted an experiment: he divided a dozen sailors with scurvy into 6 pairs. To each pair, he gave additional sulfuric acid, cedar vinegar, garlic, seawater, cider and lemons. Sailors who received lemons recovered from scurvy. In 1753, Lindh published The Treatment of Scurvy. As is often the case, the administration of the naval ministry ignored the doctor's proposal, but his friend, the famous Captain Cook, took the lemons to the ship and thereby saved the crew from scurvy. Since then, lemons have become an obligatory diet for English sailors, who received daily 30 ml of fresh lemon juice.

In 1928 year biochemist Szent-Gyorgyi first isolated vitamin C from lemon and thanks to this discovery won the Nobel Prize, and in the year 1933 was obtained synthesized vitamin C is called ascorbic acid (a scorbut - without scurvy).

In addition to ascorbic acid Lemon contains vitamins A, V1, B2, D, Essential oils, and bioflavonoids, including rutin, pectin and limonin, which have learned the name of vitamin P (from the first letter of the English word permeability - permeability). It is the combination of vitamins C and P that allows you to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, preventing bleeding.

Lemon contains both macroelements (calcium, magnesium, sulfur) and microelements (molybdenum, iron, manganese, boron, zinc, copper, fluorine, while it has very few calories. Pectin and fiber lemon are prebiotics, which normalizes the intestinal flora, and at the same time have a laxative effect, helping to cleanse the intestines.

Furthermore, lemon indeed has strong antiseptic properties - both antimicrobial and antiviral. Its juice is recommended in atherosclerosis, kidney stones, metabolic disorders, inflammatory processes, it is also used for fungal skin diseases. Rich in essential oils and citric acid, it has a beneficial effect on the inflamed mucosa. Thus, starting with inflammation of the mouth and the back of the throat chewing helps lemon peel.

Studies have beneficial properties of lemon started in the eighteenth century, and continues to the present day. Opening up new mechanisms of how the different units lemon strengthens immunity, including antitumor activity increases protection. Prospective studies were also to explain the benefits of lemons use for patients, even those with terrible viral diseases such as hepatitis and AIDS.


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