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According to legend, quince was first grown in Kydonia, a city on the island of Crete, so the Greeks called its fruits Kidonian apples. From the name of the city comes the Latin name of this plant - Cydonia oblonga Mill.

Yakov Marshak tells about the beneficial properties of quince.

Quince is a valuable fruit species that has been cultivated for thousands of years.  From time immemorial, it grew, and then was domesticated in Central Asia, where it was widely used in the preparation of both food and traditional medicines. It was especially intensively used by the Uighurs, the indigenous people of eastern Turkestan. Compared to neighboring peoples, the Uyghurs were distinguished by better health and a longer life expectancy. In addition, epidemiologists noted that Uyghurs have fewer heart attacks and strokes and are less likely to suffer from hypertension than their neighbors.

In medicine, the fruits, peels, leaves and seeds of quince are used.

Biochemists and physiologists were able to explain the mechanism of the effect of substances obtained from quince to maintain health and prevent certain diseases, as well as the direct medicinal properties of this plant. Quince juice has an activity that reduces the vascular tone of the arterial bed. It also lowers diastolic pressure as drugs usually prescribed to lower blood pressure in renal hypertension. In addition, quince juice reduces blood viscosity and the percentage of deformed red blood cells, which reduces the risk of blood clots.

Other researchers have found that quince juice is effective in lowering bad cholesterol levels. (low-density lipoproteins) and triglycerides are similar to statins, which are drugs prescribed by your doctor when bad cholesterol levels increase your risk of heart attacks and strokes. But, unlike statins, quince extracts increase the production of good cholesterol (low-density lipoproteins that remove excess cholesterol from the body, thereby reducing the risk of heart attack and stroke).

Flavonoids found in quince fruits have a broad spectrum of antioxidant activity, which prevents the development of atherosclerosis of the blood vessels, and the extract from the peel has a broad antimicrobial disinfecting effect. Immunologists have also identified the anti-allergic activity of quince in atopic dermatitis. In addition, under the influence of juice from the fruits of quince, nonspecific ulcerative colitis, which is difficult to treat, reduced its manifestations, that is, the area of ​​ulceration of the large intestine was reduced.       

Some oncologists recommend using quince fruits in the diet for certain types of cancer. - studies have shown that in kidney and colon cancer, the use of quince slowed down the development of the tumor and increased the death of cancer cells.

In Turkish folk medicine, quince is used as a remedy for diabetes. It is able to lower the blood glucose concentration in diabetics, increasing the sensitivity of the pancreatic tissues to increased glucose concentrations.

If quince were not such a tasty and aromatic product, it would still have to be eaten because of its beneficial properties, and scientists should study these properties!

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