A home garden on the windowsill is a great opportunity to pamper your family with fresh herbs at any time of the year. It's nice to cut a sprig of basil from the kitchen garden to make pizza or salad, and you will know for sure that no chemical fertilizers or nitrates were used during the cultivation.
In addition, green plants purify indoor air and are an element of interior decoration. If you want to get your own garden on the windowsill, so that even in the winter you always have summer at home, use our recommendations. How to grow a garden on a windowsill: eight tips
Horticultural beds on the windowsill not require the agricultural skills, so this occupation can attract and children - usually they like to work with the land and observe how the seeds of green sprout appears, which grows into a large plant or bush. So, you need flower pots, boxes, jars out of sour cream and yogurt, plastic cups, the land of the flower shop, the seeds, watering can and a small spray bottle.
Council 1. Do not put in a pot of different plants. The fact that they require different growth conditions, besides many vegetable crops are not combined with each other. If you want to increase the area of a home vegetable garden, make a special racks for window sills, on which fits a lot of pots and hanging pots use.
Council 2. Do not use the land to suburban area, because it may be contaminated with pests on which the home is almost impossible to get rid of. The ideal composition of the earth - sand, soil and humus. Seeds and seedlings is better to buy in specialty stores.
Council 3. The best place for the garden - kitchen window, as in the kitchen and wet heat, which is favorable for the cultivation of greenery. Sometimes for faster germination using a mini-greenhouses from plastic bags.
Council 4. Seeds are soaked in water, and their willingness to plant can be determined by swelling - if the seeds of hatch sprouts, plants can be planted in the soil. For soaking use a saucer and a damp cloth, which spread the seeds. They need a little pour water and moisturize as needed.
Council 5. Seeds are planted in very wet soil at a shallow depth, the top covered with earth, moistened again, and the earth is compacted slightly. Capacity is covered with a plastic bag, and after sprouting makeshift greenhouse removed. Seedlings are watered with warm water as needed.
Council 6. Despite the fact that most plants are adapted to room conditions, it is desirable to ensure complete coverage of the home vegetable garden. For this purpose, suitable fitolampy, the light which is as close to sunlight. To ensure the appropriate humidity needed humidifiers and high-quality spray gun for spraying plants.
Council 7. Do not forget about the drainage, which is easy to make at home. To do this, pour in the bottom of the pot or other container layer of expanded clay 2-3 cm, and pour it on top of the ground. This is necessary to ensure that water does not stagnate in the soil and improves breathability. Drainage prevents rotting of the roots and the formation of mold in the soil.
Council 8. Plants need food, so choose a high-quality organic fertilizer that will not bring harm to the health of your loved ones. Some housewives show ingenuity, using not only the ashes, and egg shells, banana peel, or yeast.
Hit parade of plants suitable for home "beds"
It is best to choose unpretentious culture, quickly yielding crops and do not require time-consuming and expensive. And there are a lot of plants - choose to your taste!
Green onions. For its cultivation did not require the earth. Put the onion in the jar with water to the lower part was always hydrated, and remove the first crop of two weeks.
Dill. Dill seeds can be sown into the soil without soaking, the main thing is to ensure regular watering. To ruin a dill garden, you need to try very hard. The most productive and unpretentious variety of dill is "mushroom".
Parsley. The seeds of parsley is better for a day to fill with warm water, then dry and rub with dry sand - thanks to this steeled seeds, enriched with minerals and germinate faster. Parsley loves moisture, so water it frequently and avoid drying out the land.
Basil. When planting the seeds of basil leave between about 5-6 see as bushes get very sprawling and freedom. Put a box of plants in the warmest place of your kitchen, as Basil does not like the coolness.
Spinach. It should not be planted deeply, otherwise you will have to wait too long for the harvest. All that spinach needs to be completely happy is sun and abundant watering, and the best varieties for growing at home are "gigantic" and "melody".
Saffron. This plant is propagated by bulbs that are planted in moist soil, and then the pot is kept for two months in the refrigerator until the germs will not grow on 5 cm. Then you can put the saffron in a sunny and warm place, moderately water it and use this fragrant spice in the dishes.
Arugula. You need to know about arugula three things. Its seeds should be planted at a depth of 1-1,5 cm, the plants need to provide plenty of natural or artificial lighting and often it is watered.
Ginger. Place the ginger root in warm water at 36–38 ° C for four hours until buds emerge. Then plant in a spacious pot, buds up to a depth of 3 cm and water the soil as it dries. Provide the ginger with good lighting, but not in direct sunlight, and after 5-7 months, you can dig up the overgrown roots and eat them.
Watercress. This is surprising undemanding plant can be grown in a layer of moist cotton wool, and the seeds should be pre-soaked in water. Created with the help of polyethylene film greenhouse effect and put cotton wool in a dark place. A few days later, when the seeds begin to germinate, remove the film and do not forget to moisten the cotton wool. A week can harvest and enjoy fresh herbs.
Celery. He does not like moisture and rises very slowly - during 2-3 weeks, if you grow it from seed. Is there an easier way to get a tasty and healthy herbs. It should be cut from the purchased in the store base celery stalks, put it in the water, wait until the roots and first leaves and then put into the pot. Two weeks later, the leaves will become more and you will be able to prepare a salad for the whole family.
Koriandr. Good germinate 1-2-summer varieties of plants, and plant them better in three pieces per pot. Generous watering coriander and loose earth, and the first shoots appear in two weeks.
Hot peppers. Excellent sprout maturing varieties, which also does not require additional coverage. Germinated seeds are planted at a depth of 1 cm and are covered with a film, and when there will be shoots with several leaves, each plant should be planted in a separate pot. If you manage to create the perfect conditions for the pepper, it will please you to harvest for five years.
Cucumbers. Buy a special room varieties of cucumbers, which are able to self-pollinate, sow the seeds in the soil and abundantly watered. Seedlings appear already 2-3-day, and you will only feed the cucumbers extract of wood ash.
Strawberry. Decorative hang-downing strawberry fruits all year round, in low light conditions, so it is ideal for indoor conditions. For a start will land bushes in pots, soak two weeks in a cool place, and then move the strawberries in a special soil. Now you'll have to water it, and after flowering "work" bee, pollinating blossoms using cotton swabs.
Leaf salad. It requires extra lighting, abundant moisture and periodic thinning. However, do not overdo the watering, otherwise the roots will rot salad.
Leaf mustard. After sowing the seeds take the pot in a warm, dark place, and as soon as the first shoots, they provide optimum illumination. Leave the pot in each of three bush, and a month can be added to salad spicy scented leaves.
Radish. For planting choose a large brown seeds - they are most viable and "promising". Radishes can climb on the third day - he loves the cool temperature, so the room should be aired frequently.
Bell pepper. Perennial plant enough to plant only once, and then it will delight you with crops all year round. Sweet pepper - very pampered culture, she does not like drafts and dark places required the loosened soil and warm temperatures.
Tumbles. Purchased sprigs of mint should be put in a glass of water, wait until the roots and planted in a pot. Regularly water the mint and enjoy its fragrant aroma.
Rosemary. Propagated by seeds and cuttings - cuttings planted in the first wet sand under the film, and are transplanted into the ground after the emergence of roots.
Marjoram. Excellent growing from seed, can winter on the balcony insulation and easy to tolerate the lack of light. Marjoram - the perfect plant for a home in the harsh climatic conditions.
Oregano. This spice has low soil quality, likes lots of sun and long rises, so you have to wait three weeks of germs. Watering oregano should be in moderation, avoiding stagnation of water.
Thyme. Indifferent to the heat, but loves the light, preferring dry and light soils. It needs constant ventilation and moderate watering.
Tomatoes. Even such complex culture can be grown on a windowsill, just choose to be self-pollinated hybrids are also small-fruited varieties and stunted. Seedlings are planted in pots with the "right" soil and watered sparingly. New bushes can be obtained from cuttings - they are perfectly acclimatized and will bloom.
On the window can be grown mandarin, lemon, pomegranate and avocado, but it is more complex and troublesome process. It is not necessary to convert all of the windows in the plantation, even if on the kitchen windowsill you "settle" dill, parsley and green onions, the room will look more fun, and the dishes will be much tastier. Tested on personal experience!