About that, whether it is necessary to refuse one reception of meal in favor of another, doctor Boris Akimov reflects.
The covenant of Alexander Suvorov "You eat your own breakfast, share your lunch with a friend, give dinner to the enemy", probably, everyone knows.
One of my colleagues, a psychotherapist, lives according to this principle: he eats breakfast in 8 hours of the morning, dines in 13 – 15 hours and easily eats dinner in 18 hours. I adhere to the Buddhist rule: "Breakfast must be earned." And it's easy to have breakfast no earlier than 10 in the morning. And I prefer to have an early breakfast. Which of us is right?
Of course, how many people - so many ways of life, but the physiology of digestion in all people is the same and has not changed at all since the days of Adam and Eve:
- the physiological basis of hunger - a decrease in blood sugar and a decrease in glycogen stores in the liver and muscles;
- primary, gastric, saturation occurs when the stomach is filled with 2 / 3, secondary, true, that is, appetite satisfaction is through 1,5 – 2 hours, when a sufficient amount of digested substances enter the blood;
- for the average volume of food, the time of the digestive process in the stomach is equal to 3,5 hours, and in the small intestine - 10 – 12 hours;
- the gastrointestinal tract is most active from 11.00 to 13.00 and from 16.00 to 18.00, and is passive at night;
- The entire digestive process before evacuation from the rectum takes 24 – 36 hours. Stool in a healthy person once, less than twice a day.
We eat to replenish our energy reserves. Overnight our body rested and ready to work 3-4 hours without replenishing energy. After sleep, we do not feel hungry long enough. The digestive system rests until 10-11 hours. Have breakfast before this time - forcibly include the gastrointestinal tract. The only thing you need to do when you wake up is to drink a glass of pure water or a cup of green tea without sugar. I never eat breakfast early, even if the previous day was hungry, because the body rested for the night and thereby replenished the energy resources. And if I'm very busy in the morning, I do not even eat breakfast at all - just for dinner.
If you can discuss breakfast, there is no disagreement about dinner - a plentiful late dinner is bad for your health. After 19.00 hours, the activity of the gastrointestinal tract decreases on the eve of a night's rest. Intestinal peristalsis and the secretion of digestive enzymes cease. Food, eaten at night, forcibly makes the organs that want to rest to work. The digestion mechanism is disrupted and leads to an increase in fermentation processes. Do not eat fruit at night - they will certainly ferment in your intestines. Excitation of the autonomic nervous system affects the quality of sleep and provokes nocturnal attacks of diseases such as coronary artery disease, hypertension, bronchial asthma. As a doctor I can say: every third stroke occurs at night in a dream.
Although eating improves blood flow to the gastrointestinal tract and causes drowsiness, which is used by people suffering from sleep disorders, eating after 21 hours is deprived of the need - the body reduces the overall energy exchange. That is why food at night maximizes fat formation. Lyudmila Markovna Gurchenko had a very strong rule: not to eat after 18.00. She had no problems with hunger. A rare woman did not envy her waist. And than you are worse? The best food after 22.00 is a dream. And the best food before going to bed is a walk in the fresh air. By the way, eating, like a dream, is desirable at the same time.
Refusal of a late and plentiful supper is the first and simplest step to harmony and health. And breakfast or not, decide for yourself!