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Edible insects are grown on farms

Insects, according to the food lovers of exotic, very delicious. A few years ago there was a view that the insects can become the most indispensable source of protein, which will save people from a possible global shortage of this substance.

Many may argue that insects are not the most pleasant source of nutrients. There they are except that intrepid travelers who have no choice of other options. But studies show that the public at the same time comfortable with the idea that insects will become fodder for the cattle. In the end, many people spend the summer in the villages know that chickens dig in the mud in search of a favorite delicacy - earthworms. Thus all eat chicken and does not bother anyone that she had for his lunch. Moreover, the village poultry is considered most delicious.

Representatives of the European Union looks to the future and are already thinking about how and what they will feed their citizens through 30-50-100 years. Consider including the prospect of a farm for breeding of insects for the production of animal feed.

The future of mankind is expected to increase demand for meat, say representatives of the Food and Agriculture Organization. In this connection it is necessary to look for new sources of protein for the feed.

The area under cultivation is limited, and currently shows only moderate growth of the crop, despite the many efforts of the various agricultural companies. Cultivation of insects as a protein source for livestock will free up land needed to grow crops for direct human food.

Recently, the European food safety (EFSA) food agency has shown that the main objection to the breeding of insects as food and animal feed has no basis. (However, this is not a final decision.)

Let us explain. There are a number of problems associated with the cultivation of edible insects. In addition, there is a ban on the breeding of insects as a feedstuff, as there are certain chemical and biological risks. In this regard, the EFSA researchers in the preparation of the report on this issue studied the data of various scientific studies conducted by scientists from France, the Netherlands and Belgium. The agency's specialists intend to create a so-called risk profile, which determines the potential biological, chemical and environmental risks associated with breeding insects for agriculture.

Thus, according to the report, this risk will depend upon the manufacturing methods of the substrate (feed required for growing insects), stages of the life cycle of insects, their types and the further processing methods.

The report states that the potential risks from the production, processing and consumption of insects as a source of food are the same as those of other forms of livestock. Ecological risks are probably comparable.

Of course, there are still many uncertainties associated with the consumption of insects, animals, but experts report makes it clear that is not enough data to conclusively say that all risks will be justified, and they can be easy to resolve.

At the moment, the European Commission intends to study all the collected data and EFSA to decide whether to give the course of the project PROteINSECT, funded by the EU or not. The project scientists want to investigate the safety and viability of the cultivation of maggots as feed for livestock.

Since 2013 years PROteINSECT project experts working with experts from the EU, China and Africa. They studied the effects of introducing a diet of chickens, pigs and fish two kinds of fly larvae. Experts larvae grown using two different forms of organic waste, feeding of animals and aquaculture and analyzed how safe new sources of food. At the moment, we are preparing a report on the work done.

"The lack of protein in Europe - a very real risk to the social and economic progress, - says project coordinator Dr. PROteINSECT Fitches Elaine (Elaine Fitches). - While we are looking for solutions, we must consider a number of advantages associated with the introduction of insects, for example, the larvae of flies in animal fodder base. PROteINSECT Experts believe that this innovation opens up opportunities for Europe in ensuring agricultural non-traditional sources of protein. "

It is noted that in addition to the larvae of flies, experts believe that the use as feed for animals can bring houseflies, crickets and silkworms.

EFSA report published in the scientific journal EFSA Journal.

We add that in Russia is also interested in this issue.

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