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Features food nursing mothers

Features food nursing mothersThe nature and mode of supply of nursing mothers is largely determined by the health of children. Human milk contains everything you need to power the child, and, moreover, in the most favorable for the assimilation of the form. In human milk are immune bodies, which protect infants against disease.
Food is a nursing mother should contain all the necessary substances to the body, as well as being delicious and varied. Of particular importance is ensuring its sufficient quantity of proteins, the daily demand for which is 112 g (including animal protein - 67 g) in the diet of lactating mothers should include milk, kefir, yogurt, cottage cheese, meat, fish, eggs, containing all the essential amino acids. Recommended various snack food, including cheese, sausages, herring (in moderate amounts).
The need nursing mothers in the same fat as in a proteins (115 g per day). Because dietary fats should be preferred to butter, rich retinol and ergocalciferol, and unrefined vegetable oils (30 grams per day). Corn, sunflower, olive, etc. are undesirable in the diet of lactating mothers refractory indigestible fats (mutton, beef, goose) Part milk fat should be replaced emulsified (and therefore more easily digestible) fat cream or sour cream.
The daily requirement of nursing mothers in carbohydrates is 400-440 g, but their use should be mainly in the form of polysaccharides contained in vegetables, fruits, berries, as well as cereal products, bread products. Easily digestible carbohydrates in the form of sugar, honey, jams, compotes, confectionery products should make up no more than 20% of the total number of carbohydrate daily diet.
A nursing mother with food should be getting enough vitamins: thiamine-1,9 mg per day of riboflavin - 2,2 mg pyridoxine - 2,2 mg cyanocobalamin - 4 mcg folacin - 600 mcg of niacin - 21 mg of ascorbic acid - 80 mg ritinola - 1500 mcg and IU-tocopherol 15, ergokaltsi- Ferola - 500 IU.
Given the increased need for nursing mothers in vitamins, it is recommended to use fresh vegetables (prepare them to salads). Vegetables, fruits and berries satisfy the need for nursing mothers in ascorbic acid, carotene, folacin, pantothenic acid. Through these products enriched with these vitamins and breast milk.
In winter and spring, when the amount of ascorbic acid in food, it is advisable to consume the broth hips daily significantly reduced. The source of the B vitamins is bread from wheat flour, dishes made from buckwheat and oat groats.
Using a wide range of products in their food, the nursing mother receives the necessary amount of vitamins and minerals, in which her need is also increased: calcium - 1000 mg per day, phosphorus - 1500 mg, magnesium - 450 mg, iron - 25 mg . The best source of calcium is milk and dairy products. So, in 100 g milk, the calcium content is 121 mg, in 100 g cottage cheese - 150 mg, n 100 g cheese Yaroslavl - 869 mg, in 100 g Dutch cheese - 1040 mg. Phosphorus is abundant in milk and dairy products, egg yolk, meat, fish, chicken. Magnesium enters the body of a nursing mother with cereals, bread, beans, prunes, eggs, nuts. To meet the body's need for iron, it is useful to use liver, tongue, egg yolk, beef, cheese, cottage cheese, rye bread, apples. It is recommended that a breastfeeding mother consume about 2,5 l of liquid daily, including at least 0,5 L of milk. The formation of breast milk is promoted by sweet fruits, black currant juice, honey, sour cream, Dutch cheese, liquid brewer's yeast.
It is important to organize a Power mode. A nursing mother should eat at least once a day 5: hearty breakfast, a light lunch, a hearty lunch, less hearty dinner; 2 of hours before bedtime - a glass of kefir or yogurt. The basic amount of foods rich in protein (meat, fish, eggs) should be included in the breakfast and lunch, while dinner is better to eat dairy products, vegetables, cereals dishes.
It is necessary to avoid overeating. A slight, systematic overeating leads to weight gain. The need for nursing mothers in the energy averages 2800 kJ.
A woman breast feeding a baby should not drink any alcoholic beverages, including beer, as they pass into breast milk and are dangerous for the health of the child, even in very small quantities.

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