In the modern baking industry Ukraine improver used as oxidized starch (TS 18-8- 5-78) three grades: A - potassium bromate oxidized B - potassium permanganate and B - calcium hypochlorite. It is a white or yellowish powder, odorless. Physical and chemical properties include:
Moisture,%, not more:
for maize - 14,0
for am_lopectin - 16,0
Mass fraction of ash on Wed,%, not more:
for corn and amіlopectin brands A and B - 0,3
te sama, mark B - 0,4
vnnosna vyazk_st 2% paste paste starch brand A - 6,0-10,0
te sama, mark B i C - 2,0-6,0
reaction with iodine:
Cornbird - blue
amіlopectin - brown-chervona іz fioletovym vіdtіnkom
Sweeteners are divided into three groups:
* Natural pidsolodzhuvani,
* Herbal sweeteners and synthetic sweeteners.
Representatives of natural sugar substitutes are fructose, glucose-fructose syrup, glucose-galactose syrup, sorbitol, xylitol. Herbal products produced sweeteners such as stevioside and hlitsyrizyn.
Chemically prepared saccharin, aspartame, Famke atsesul, and others.
Solodku tsukrozmіnnika porіvnyyut z solodk_styu tsukrozi. Stupit solodkostuk tsukrozamіnnika assigned to kіlkіstyu tsukrozi in grams Stupit solodkosti tsukrozi prijmaєtsya for odinitsyu.
The list of some sweeteners supplied to Ukraine foreign firms are listed in the table. 24.
|Trade name||Nature sweetener||Step of malt|
|Saccharin||3-oxo-2,3-digídrobenzo (a) isothiazole-dioxide 1,1||300-500|
|Acesulfame-K||6-methyl derivative is 3,4-dihydro-1,2,3-||150-200|
|Otizon||6-метил-похідна 3,4-дигідро-1,2,3- окситиазин-4-ОН-2,2-диоксидаза||150-300|
|Sorbitol||Polyhydric alcohols (polyols)||0,6|
|Xylitol||Polyhydric alcohols (polyols)||1|
|Maltitol||Product gіdruvannya malytozi||—|
|Laktit||Product hydrogenation of lactose||0,3-0,4|
|Swkrolayt||A mixture of saccharin and reducing sugar||—|
|Sukrolyuk||A mixture of saccharin and reducing sugar||—|
|Strogunsur||A mixture of saccharin and reducing sugar||—|
|Like tsuksr||A mixture of saccharin and reducing sugar||30-40|
|"Sweetness dietary||A mixture of aspartame, sodium salt of saccharin, sucralose, tsyklomatata in various combinations of sucrose and glucose||100|
* Poznolodzhuvach poznachen_ did not gain absolute permissiveness status. Residual virility of food about the assessment of their behavior is the prerogative of the Ministry of Health and Health of Ukraine,
In conjunction with these, one doesn’t have one of the synthetic podsolodzhuvіv not obezpechechu smek natural tsukru, in the bakery industrial may mozhuti victorist іnshі pіdsolduvuvta and its sum. The Fire-virobnik is the right to give the product a singing name, for example: sukrolight, “diet sweetness”. You can violate the permits of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine.
Sweeteners are not allowed to save sugar; provided recipes. they are used in the production of health care products.
Preparations of beta-carotene
To enrich the products use provitamin A P-carotene crystals, water-soluble extract or solution or P-carotene in oil.
R microbiological carotene in oil (TU 18.298-95) is produced from biomass producers by direct extraction of oil, is translucent or clear liquid dark red. P-carotene content in the product - 2,0 mg / g, the acid number should be less than 3,5 (KOH / g 100).
A solution of p-carotene in microbial oil (TU 18.191- 94) is prepared by dissolving crystalline P-carotene (TS 64-5-140-91). Make solutions with mass fraction
R-carotene,% - 0,015 - “Oliya karotinova”, 0,1 - “Karolin, 0,2
- "Karenol." Acid number of cich preparations not higher
0,4 (CON / 100 g) perekysle number - no more than 10.
Shelf preparations P-carotene in oil - 6 months.
Veteron 1 - Beta Carotene R_dki preparati R-carotene fasuyut in sklyan abo from half-dimensional materials dancing, metal flasks abo steel barrels. X-NUMX P-carotene, CWS, granulation powder, brown brown colorer, matrix coating. The chemical formula is С400Н00001927, the preparation rotsinyuyut vodі in sp_vv_dnoshennіn 116; Tsei drug postachak in Ukraine the firm "Hoffman-LaRoche", Switzerland / Austria.
In developing recipes for products from (P-carotene should take into account the daily requirement of the human body into vitamin A 1 mg. For activity 1 mg P-carotene meets 0,17 mg vitamin A is necessary to cover its approximately 6 mg P-carotene.
The recommended daily dose of vitamin A, which enters the body through dietary products - 2,5 - 4 mg. In terms of P-carotene, it is 15 - 25 mg / day.
The requirement is also for uvazi, scho R-carotene intensively barbing the crochetous virobes in the fancy game and the price of the drug.