Brewing tea bag has long been a familiar ritual for us, which we do several times a day. Who else came to mind for the first time this idea? And how quickly she caught on?
It would not be happy ...
The history of the tea bag began with one force majeure. Forwarding another batch of tea by sea, an American Thomas Sullivan discovered to his horror that the hold of the ship, where bags of valuable cargo were stored, was flooded. The merchant was lamented in vain - all tea was bought from him without any objection. Meanwhile, contemplating the sacks, Sullivan caught himself on an amusing thought: why not decompose the crushed tea leaves into small bags? Tea in those days was packed into tin cans and brewed in the usual way for us. Without thinking twice, Sullivan embodied the idea of life and in 1904 offered tea to customers in small silk bags, each of which contained tea leaves for exactly one mug. The idea came to customers to taste. Firstly, due to simplicity and practicality, and secondly, because of the opportunity to taste different types of tea alternately, and then buy the most delicious in the required quantities.
Everything for the front
During World War I, packaged tea was delivered to the front. Soldiers quickly fell in love with "tea bombs", because with them they could have tea parties right in the trenches. In order to save silk was replaced with gauze, although it hopelessly spoiled the taste and aroma of the drink.
Finding the right material in peacetime American engineer engaged Faye Osborne. The method of numerous trial and error, he finally found the perfect solution - manila hemp (cannabis to normal, it is not relevant, it is a distant relative of the banana). The plant is already successfully used for the manufacture of ship ropes. By the year 1934 Osborne managed to establish mass production of tea bags from Manila, which quickly pushed the gauze. However, in 1938, the company patented a Dexter-folder paper for tea, which is used around the world today.
This fact did not prevent Osborne peacefully enjoy a successful business. However, not too long. With the onset of World War II, the US government banned the production of tea with manila hemp - Army is the raw material needed. In addition, Osborne tea confiscated all stocks for the benefit of the US Navy.
After the war, the tea bag began traveling around the world. The British reacted to him in the highest degree skeptical. The company for the promotion of packaged tea to the masses took over the company of Joseph Tetley. It took him ten years to adduce the inhabitants of the foggy Albion to drink. In many respects this was promoted by new two-chambered bags made of thin, but strong filtered paper, thanks to which tea turned out more delicious. Since then, tea bags have become widespread throughout the world. Surprisingly, it was only in 1952 that the invention was patented. This brilliant idea belonged to another successful tea business master named Lipton.
Despite the criticism of tea aesthetes, inside the bags there is a quite high-quality filling - the smallest parts of a normal tea leaf, or rather its edges. It is in them, as experts say, that the lion’s share of nutrients is concentrated. For this reason or not, everyone drinks tea today. Even the Chinese, the most conservative supporters of tea traditions, condescendingly accepted this innovation. They also make tea bags, however, so far only in hotels for Europeans.
And let for a slow tea ceremony according to all the rules, a bag with black or green tea will not work, but it will be heart-to-heart for a friendly conversation.